Paradise can wait:  people love dystopias.




Thee basic themes: anticipation of future big problems; on the eternal struggle between good and evil; fears of contemporary society; fear of the different, the alien; apocalyptic scenarios as a consequence of the artificial, the natural human; and dystopias.




directed by Stanley Kubrick, 1968



created by George Lucas, 1977







directed by Ridley Scott, 1982


Ridley Scott breaks down his favorite scene

from Blade Runner


Blade Runner Soundtrack

by Vangelis











Richard Marquand, 1983



George Lucas, 1999



David Lynch, 1984



Terry Gilliam, 1985








Andrei Tarkovsky, 1972



remake by Steven Soderbergh, 2002



Steven Spielberg, 2002



Michael Bay, 2005








James Cameron, 2009


VALERIAN and the City of a Thousand Planets

Luc Besson, 2017









  • Jules Verne: "Voyage au centre de la Terre" (Journey to the Center of the Earth), Pierre-Jules Hetzel, France, 1864.


  • Jules Verne: "De la Terre à la Lune" (From the Earth to the Moon), Pierre-Jules Hetzel, France, 1865.


  • Arthur C. Clark: "2001: A Space Odyssey", New American Library, 1968.


  • Philip K. Dick: "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?", Del Rey, 1996.

The inspiration for the films Blade Runner and Blade Runner 2049. By 2021, the World War has killed millions, driving entire species into extinction and sending mankind off-planet. Those who remain covet any living creature, and for people who can’t afford one, companies built incredibly realistic simulacra: horses, birds, cats, sheep. They’ve even built humans. Immigrants to Mars receive androids so sophisticated they are indistinguishable from true men or women. Fearful of the havoc these artificial humans can wreak, the government bans them from Earth. Driven into hiding, unauthorized androids live among human beings, undetected. Rick Deckard, an officially sanctioned bounty hunter, is commissioned to find rogue androids and “retire” them. But when cornered, androids fight back - with lethal force.



  • George Orwell: "1984", London, 1949; Harper Perennial, 2014. 

George Orwell’s dystopian masterpiecepresents a frightening and bleak image of a future under Big Brother—a totalitarian regime that controls not just its citizens’ actions, but their very thoughts.

It is 1984, and the world’s three major powers—Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia—are constantly at war. In Oceania, where the Party is in power, the thought police unearth every act of dissent, and Big Brother is always watching. Winston Smith, a dutiful citizen of Oceania, works for the Ministry of Truth as a propaganda creator who rewrites history to suit the needs of the authoritarian government. But when Winston falls in love with fellow worker Julia, they begin to question the very system they work for, placing them in immense danger. Pursuing their forbidden love affair, Winston plans a rebellion against the Party in order to regain the freedom to shape his own future. But the ever-watchful Big Brother will not tolerate opposition, and for those who speak up against the system or dare to think what the Party does not want them to think, Room 101 awaits . . .

1984 is George Orwell’s haunting prophecy of the future, which has held multiple generations of readers spellbound in its chilling and terrifying vision of life under a dictatorship. Powerful and unforgettable, this still-relevant novel, written in 1948, explores the obliteration of truth, individuality, and liberty in a world where the ruling power seeks to control everything, from information to thought and memory.


  • Aldous Huxley: "Brave New World", U.K., 1932; Blackstone Audiobook, 2008.

Brave New World is a novel written in 1931 by Aldous Huxley and published in 1932. Set in London in the year AD 2540 (632 A.F.—"After Ford"—in the book), the novel anticipates developments in reproductive technology, sleep-learning, psychological manipulation, and classical conditioning that combine profoundly to change society. Huxley answered this book with a reassessment in an essay, Brave New World Revisited (1958), and with Island (1962), his final novel. In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World fifth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. In 2003, Robert McCrum writing for The Observer included Brave New World chronologically at number 53 in "the top 100 greatest novels of all time", and the novel was listed at number 87 on the BBC's survey The Big Read.

What if the future was a tyranny, but one cleverly person intended to keep the mass of society unaware of this? The people would be provided with several distractions, daily life would be ruled by sex and drugs, and pervasive mass media would suppress the possibility of any original thought: in such a society the ruling elite would not need to fear any kind of rebellion. If you think that Huxley's vision seems to be the way things are in fact turning out, you're not the only one.



  • Frank Herbert: "Dune", Penguin Classics, 2016.


  • Isaac Asimov: "Foundation", Gnome Press, 1951.


  • Isaac Asimov: "Foundation and Empire", Gnome Press, 1952.

Many thousands of readers consider Philip K. Dick to have been the greatest science fiction writer on any planet. Since his untimely death in 1982, interest in Dick's works has continued to mount and his reputation has been enhanced by a growing body of critical attention. The Philip K. Dick Award is now presented annually to a distinguished work of science fiction, and the Philip K. Dick Society is devoted to the study and promulgation of his works. This collection includes all of the writer's earliest short and medium-length fiction covering the years 1954-1964, and featuring such fascinating tales as The Minority Report (the inspiration for Steven Spielberg's film), Service Call, Stand-By, The Days of Perky Pat, and many others. Here, readers will find Dick's initial explorations of the themes he so brilliantly brought to life in his later work. Dick won the prestigious Hugo Award for the best novel of 1963 for The Man in the High Castle. In the last year of his life, the film Blade Runner was made from his novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? The classic stories of Philip K. Dick offer an intriguing glimpse into the imagination of one of science fiction's most enduring and respected names.


  • Isaac Asimov: "Second Foundation", Gnome Press, 1953.


  • Philip K. Dick: "The Minority Report and Other Classic Story", Time Warner, 2016.


  • Héctor Germán Oesterheld and Francisco Solano López: "The Eternaut", Comic, Editorial Frontera, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1957-1959.


  • Ricardo Barreiro and Juan Zanotto: "Bárbara", Skorpio Magazine, Argentina and Italy, 1979-1982.


  • "Dystopias: Definition and Characteristics", source: courtesy of "ReadWriteThink" website - all rights reserved © 2016, reproduced here only for cultural purposes:



Dystopia - DefinitionCharacteristics.pdf
Documento Adobe Acrobat [37.5 KB]












Even the longest journey begins with a first step! Systemic Habitats is online since the 18th of May 2012. This website was created to publish online my ebook "Towards another habitat" on the contemporary architecture and urbanism. Later many other contents were added. For their direct or indirect contribution to its realisation, we would like to thank: Roberto Vacca, Marco Pizzuti, Fiorenzo and Raffaella Zampieri, Antonella Todeschini, All the Amici di Marco Todeschini, Ecaterina Bagrin, Stefania Ciocchetti, Marcello Leonardi, Joseph Davidovits, Frédéric Davidovits, Rossella Sinisi, Pasquale Cascella, Carlo Cesana, Filippo Schiavetti Arcangeli, Laura Pane, Antonio Montemiglio, Patrizia Piras, Bruno Nicola Rapisarda, Ruberto Ruberti, Marco Cicconcelli, Ezio Prato, Sveva Labriola, Rosario Francalanza, Giacinto Sabellotti, All the Amici di Gigi, Ruth and Ricky Meghiddo, Natalie Edwards, Rafael Schmitd, Nicola Romano, Sergio Bianchi, Cesare Rocchi, Henri Bertand, Philippe Salgarolo, Paolo Piva, Norbert Trenkle, Gaetano Giuseppe Magro, Carlo Blangiforti, Mario Ludovico, Riccardo Viola, Giulio Peruzzi, Ahmed Elgazzar, and last but not least the kind Staff of 1&1. M.L.














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