The Bus Rapid Transit


System of Curitiba














The urban planning in Curitiba, Brazil, and in particular its transport system, it represents how doing a lot with a little. When 1 plus 1 does not simply do 2, but 3, 4, etc. The solutions adopted by urban planners of Curitiba indicate a method, a criterion. In fact, the example of Curitiba is not automatically replicable anywhere, in any metropolis.  


The key features of the Curitiba's Overground Metro,

a "low cost" metro system:

  • 3 types of lines: extra-urban lines of articulated buses with 3 segments, and with few stops; urban lines for the two segment buses; local lines for the standard buses.
  • Preferential lanes only for all public buses in the main streets. 
  • Raised platforms for the bus stop. In this way the bus does not waste time with the ascent and descent of passengers. In addition, the passenger validates the ticket entering into the bus-stop platform space. In other words each bus stop is a mini-station of an overground metro.


  • Compared to costs of an underground subway, this "overground metro" is low cost.  Alternatively  you can use trams rather than buses.
  • Benefits: silence, quiet, no noise from vehicular traffic; no smog, no fine particle pollution. More space for our feet, more physical and mental health.
  • Negative effects: zero. No "shit" in the main streets as it happens in the ordinary metropolis, full of fine powders present in suspension in the air. Note that the current ordinary situation was similar over a century ago: the urban streets were full of horse shit; now instead there are the fine powders, nanoparticles, etc., always 100% genuine shit.


The Rapid Transit Bus of Curitiba,

Curitiba Public Transport maps. Source: Wikipedia, "Rede Integrada de Transporte" in Curitiba, Brazil. Transit type: Bus Rapid Transit. Number of special lines: 6. Number of terminal station: 21. Daily ridership: 2,300,000 per day. Began operation: 1974.

The Curitiba Public Bus Transit System,
Curitiba BRT,
Cities in Focus: Curitiba,
Curitiba: The Bus Rapid Transit System,









  • Jonas Rabinovitch and Josef Leitman:  "Urban Planning in Curitiba: A Brazilian city challenges conventional wisdom and relies on low technology to improve the quality of urban life", Scientific American Magazine, New York City, NY - U.S.A., March 1996.


From Wikipedia, etc.:


















Even the longest journey begins with a first step! Systemic Habitats is online since the 18th of May 2012. This website was created to publish online my ebook "Towards another habitat" on the contemporary architecture and urbanism. Later many other contents were added. For their direct or indirect contribution to its realisation, we would like to thank: Roberto Vacca, Marco Pizzuti, Fiorenzo and Raffaella Zampieri, Antonella Todeschini, All the Amici di Marco Todeschini, Ecaterina Bagrin, Stefania Ciocchetti, Marcello Leonardi, Joseph Davidovits, Frédéric Davidovits, Rossella Sinisi, Pasquale Cascella, Carlo Cesana, Filippo Schiavetti Arcangeli, Laura Pane, Antonio Montemiglio, Patrizia Piras, Bruno Nicola Rapisarda, Ruberto Ruberti, Marco Cicconcelli, Ezio Prato, Sveva Labriola, Rosario Francalanza, Giacinto Sabellotti, All the Amici di Gigi, Ruth and Ricky Meghiddo, Natalie Edwards, Rafael Schmitd, Nicola Romano, Sergio Bianchi, Cesare Rocchi, Henri Bertand, Philippe Salgarolo, Paolo Piva, Norbert Trenkle, Gaetano Giuseppe Magro, Carlo Blangiforti, Mario Ludovico, Riccardo Viola, Giulio Peruzzi, and last but not least Ahmed Elgazzar.   M.L.














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