The  Marinduct



Oasis System





by Michele Leonardi architect ©







ABOUT  THE marin aqueduct:








ABOUT  THE Roman concrete:


  • Marie D. Jackson, Sean R. Mulcahy, Heng Chen, Yao Li, Qinfei Li, Piergiulio Cappelletti, Hans-Rudolf Wenk: "Phillipsite and Al-tobermorite mineral cements produced through low-temperature water-rock reactions in Roman marine concrete", American Mineralogist, 2017, on GeoScienceWorld.
  • Article and video by courtesy of American Mineralogist:
AMERICAN MINERALOGIST-641313-video-rrtv-[...]
File video/audio MP4 [5.2 MB]
Documento Adobe Acrobat [10.7 MB]



  • Anonimous Author: "Il segreto del cemento degli antichi Romani", Le Scienze, Italian Edition of Scientific American, 2017, on  
  • The millennial resistance of Roman concrete: 
  • Abstract: When in contact with sea water, the concrete used by the ancient Romans for port structures became increasingly robust instead of weakening.  Merit of the chemical reactions that dissolved the volcanic ash present in the mortar and formed two stratified minerals, increasing the adhesion strength of the material.


  • Zahra Ahmad: "Why modern mortar crumbles, but Roman concrete lasts millennia", Science, 2017, on


Video, in Italian, Discovery Channel: "Gli acquedotti romani":

Video, in Italian: "Gli acquedotti romani: come li costruivano?":



  • Viola Rita, in Italian: "Piovoso e verde, ecco come sarebbe il Sahara con impianti solari e eolici"  ("Rainy and green, that's what the Sahara would look like with solar and wind power plants"),, 2018.





ON THE seawater greenhouses and desert farming:










ON THE desalination and solar energy:


Documento Adobe Acrobat [3.4 MB]



  • Anonimous, in French: "Les Azalaï", avec les principales routes historique de commerce transsaharien, Wikipedia.








Video: Water desalination technology by Graphene:  


Video: Graphene: Pure Drinking water Invention

of Special Filter for India Bucket Filter.Mr.Nitin Gadkari:


Video:  Desalination through Graphene is here:


Video:  Can sea water desalination save the world?







ABOUT  Archimedes from Syracusa screw pumps:


Video: Screw Pump Design:  




Video: Archimedes Screw Pump:  




Video: Archimedean screw water pump in action:  




Video: Holand Micro Archimedes Screw:  




Video: Archimedes screw pump: 






MOROVER, the basic bibliography is the same as that reported for the "Oasis Habitat".   For ease of reading we repeat it:


  • Joseph Davidovits: "Geopolymer Chemistry and Applications", by  Institut Géopolymère de Saint-Quintin, France, 2013, 3rd Edition.


  • Pietro Laureano, in Italian: "Sahara - Giardino sconosciuto", Florence, Italy, 1989.


  • Pietro Laureano, in Italian: "Giardini di pietra - I Sassi di Matera e la civiltà mediterranea",  Turin, Italy, 1993.


  • Pietro Laureano, in Italian, "La Piramide Rovesciata - Il modello dell'oasi per il pianeta Terra", Turin, Italy, 1995.


  • Pietro Laureano, in French, "Jardins de pierre : Les Sassi de Matera et la civilisation méditerranéenne",  Presses Universitaires de Vincennes, France.


  • Pietro Lureano: "Water Conservation Techniques in Traditional Human Settlements", COPAL Publishing, 2013.




  • Hassan Fathy: "Natural Energy and Vernacular Architecture: Principles and Examples with Reference to Hot Arid Climates",  Walter Shearer and Abd-el-rahman Ahmed Sultan, 1986.


  • Hassan Fathy, in French: "Hassan Fathy: construire avec le peuple". Italian edition: "Costruire con la gente - Storia di un villaggio d'Egitto: Gourna".


  • Adelina Picone, in Italian: "La casa araba d'Egitto", , Jaka Book, Milan, Italy, 2009.


  • L. Anversa, V. Bentivegna, L.V. Ferretti, A. Filpa, A. Lacava, in Italian:  "Tunisia - Il recupero delle città oasi", Gangemi Editore, Rome, Italy, 1990.


  • Maddalena Achenza and Ulrico Sanna: "Il manuale tematico della terra cruda",  D.E.I. Publisher, Rome, Italy, 2006.


  • Bruno Pignal, in French: "Terre crue : Technique de construction et de restauration", by  Editions Eyrolles, Paris, France, 2005.


  • Gernot Minke, in German: "Handbuch Lehmbau: Baustoffkunde, Techniken, Lehmarchitektur" . 


  • Gernot Minke, in Spanish: "Manual de construcción con tierra", by 


  • Gernot Minke:"Earth Construction Handbook - The Building Material Earth in Modern Architecture". 


  • John May:"Buildings without Architects - A Global Guide to Everyday Architecture".


  • Bertagnin Mauro; Mungiguerra Clelia, Achenza Maddalena, in Italian: "Architetture di terra in Italia. Tipologie, tecnologie e culture costruttive".


  • Morabito Giovanni,  Bianchi Roberto, in Italian: "La decrescita prosperosa dell'edificio. Architecture from high tech to low cost".


  • F. Storelli and Various Athors, in Italian: "Habitat e architetture di terra. Le potenzialità delle tradizioni costruttive". 


  • Pasquale Cascella, in Italian: "Involucro bioclimatico e solare", Chandra Ed., Rome, Italy, 2008.


  • Pasquale Cascella, in Italian: "Bioclimatica: storia, tecnica, architettura", Chandra Editrice, Rome, Italy, 2011.














Even the longest journey begins with a first step! Systemic Habitats is online since the 18th of May 2012. This website was created to publish online my ebook "Towards another habitat" on the contemporary architecture and urbanism. Later many other contents were added. For their direct or indirect contribution to its realisation, we would like to thank: Roberto Vacca, Marco Pizzuti, Fiorenzo and Raffaella Zampieri, Antonella Todeschini, All the Amici di Marco Todeschini, Ecaterina Bagrin, Stefania Ciocchetti, Marcello Leonardi, Joseph Davidovits, Frédéric Davidovits, Rossella Sinisi, Pasquale Cascella, Carlo Cesana, Filippo Schiavetti Arcangeli, Laura Pane, Antonio Montemiglio, Patrizia Piras, Bruno Nicola Rapisarda, Ruberto Ruberti, Marco Cicconcelli, Ezio Prato, Sveva Labriola, Rosario Francalanza, Giacinto Sabellotti, All the Amici di Gigi, Ruth and Ricky Meghiddo, Natalie Edwards, Rafael Schmitd, Nicola Romano, Sergio Bianchi, Cesare Rocchi, Henri Bertand, Philippe Salgarolo, Paolo Piva, Norbert Trenkle, Gaetano Giuseppe Magro, Carlo Blangiforti, Mario Ludovico, Riccardo Viola, Giulio Peruzzi, Ahmed Elgazzar, and last but not least the kind Staff of 1&1. M.L.














        e x t e r n a l    l i n k s :























  Number of Visitors from 2012 :


                 Thanks for your visit